10 Signs You’re a Language Learning Nerd

If you’re working on learning a language, you might go down the rabbit hole. What??? Yeah, that’s a good thing. Be proud. You’re doing yourself (especially your brain) a big favor. During these cold months of the year where the holidays are far and in between, learning a language can lift your spirits with goals and challenges. Plus, mis amigos, it’s a lot of fun.

Here’s 10 Signs You’re a Language Learning Nerd:

  1. You’ve spent a lot of time looking for the best language learning apps.
    Duolingo? Busuu? Babbel? Which one is the bestest?! friends rachel jennifer aniston rachel green friends tv GIF
  2. You can’t help but look for international movies and shows to help you acquire vocabulary. 
    Bring on the soaps!la casa de las flores GIF by netflixlat
  3. Every time you don’t know a word, you feel an urge to look up the definition. 
    Must. Know. The. Answer!parks and recreation lol GIF
  4. Language exchange clubs are your jam.
    Hello, Facebook and Meetup groups. #MyNameIsHelpMe

    lamorne morris good job GIF by New Girl
  5. You’re addicted to language learning blogs.
    itsnachotime.com
    toby turner gryphon GIF
  6. You can’t wait for the next release of your favorite language learning podcast.
    Give me more Coffee Breaks!

    season 3 podcast GIF by The Good Place
  7. Native speakers become your best friends. 
    Shout out to my Ecuafriends. 🙂

    will ferrell bff GIF
  8. You’re used to messing up and either laughing about it or obsessing over it. 
    Why did I say dieciseis instead of veintiseis?! Aghh!!

    awkward giggle GIF by truTV’s Those Who Can’t
  9. You start to question how to translate all of your thoughts and become a code switcher.
    Spanglish for life.

    90s entertainment GIF
  10. You have your own mini library of language learning materials. 
    I’ll never let them go.

    i love reading gilmore girls GIF

I bet some of these resonated with you. What else makes someone a language learning nerd? Be sure to like, comment, or share!

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5 Ways Language Learning Helps Fight Depression

If your mental health is suffering and you feel like you’ll never feel better, learning a language can help you with that. Maybe you’re going through big changes in your life, suffering from clinical depression, experiencing yucky weather, or bored with your daily routine. Ultimately, depression affects each of us in a debilitating way, so I’d like to tell you 5 ways language learning helps fight depression.

1. Language learning activates different areas of our brain. 
Depression can cause brain shrinkage, inflammation, and reduced functionality of different areas in our brain. Learning a language, however, increases the size of our brain. Our brains grow in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Additionally, we’re delaying brain deterioration, which can protect us from dementia. It can also improve cognitive abilities with memory, creativity, flexibility, problem-solving, and other intellectual capacities.

2. Language learning helps connect you with other people.
Depression causes us to feel alone in the world. If you’re taking language classes or learning through an app, you’ll connect with other people. Whether you’re in class or at a language exchange group, you have a reason to communicate with others.

You might also find that people in your town speak the language you’re learning. If you’re abroad in that country, you’ll be able to learn more about the culture while improving upon your language skills. Many apps have forums where you can ask questions and practice new lessons. You could also connect with others through social media or online classes via video calls.

3. Language learning helps widen the scope of future possibilities.
If you’re experiencing symptoms of depression, you may feel mentally and emotionally blocked and that you’ll never feel happy again. When you’re learning a language, you’ll feel that the world offers lots of opportunities to practice the language.

You may feel inspired to visit that country for a vacation or for something longer. You may even want to study, teach, volunteer or work abroad in that country because it gives you a reason to practice the language you’re learning. Language and culture are intertwined, so it’ll open up chances for you to experience the country at a different level.

4. Language learning helps you out of a negative spiral of thoughts. 
One of the nastiest symptoms of depression is when our minds play tricks on us. It tells us that we’re worthless and that life is hopeless. Learning a language provides a healthy distraction to that negative spiral of thoughts.

When you’re learning a language, your mind is focused on other things. You’ll want to absorb music, podcasts, movies, and books in the language you’re learning. You’ll be focused on the grammar and vocabulary, and you’ll spend more time reading forums, looking at blogs, and asking questions to help you understand new things.

5. Language learning helps you feel motivated and productive.
With depression, you want to stay in bed and do nothing because you feel paralyzed or unmotivated. Learning a language will give you a reason to get out of bed. Whether you’re learning from an app or in a class, you can get to the next chapter or the next level. Many language learning apps involve games and pictures. You can also practice with vocabulary flashcards and filling in lyrics of songs (lyricstraining.com).

Most of all, learning a language is fun! It’s challenging and rewarding. Sometimes it’s frustrating, but it’s a good feeling when you memorize something new or finally understand a tough grammar point. You don’t have to be the best or the most fluent! Learning a language is a long-term opportunity to view communication in a different light. Plus, you’ll be doing yourself (and your brain) a favor mentally, emotionally, and socially.

How else does language learning help with depression? Thanks for reading!

Overcoming Perfectionism with Learning a New Language

Is one of your New Year’s resolutions to learn a language or to keep getting better at one? Maybe you tried learning a language in the past and everything was going well until you tried to have a conversation in the target language…with a native language speaker. :-O You may have thought, “Everything coming out of my mouth sounds like garbage!” Trust me, every language learner has had problems along the way. Heck, even native speakers make mistakes with grammar and vocabulary.

I need to mention that there’s a difference between an error and a mistake with language learning. An error means you didn’t use the correct form of the language because you had no prior knowledge of it. A mistake means you did something wrong and you had learned about it previously. In any case, forgive yourself. You can’t know everything, and you can’t remember everything. Remember that it’s all a learning process and to enjoy the journey!

Image result for perfection

Story time

I personally had to deal with overcoming perfectionism with language learning when I started teaching English abroad in Ecuador. I studied Spanish for a few years in college, but I was pretty rusty and had a lot of studying up to do. My host family asked me my age, and I accidentally said I was 16 instead of 26! Can you imagine my embarrassment?! I also used Spanish words that weren’t common in Ecuador, and I got some funny looks every now and then. I conjugated verbs incorrectly, I fumbled over words, and I stammered on pronunciation like a broken doll.

But guess what? I wanted so badly to improve my Spanish. I was determined to study and practice as much as I could in my free time. Do I still have a lot to learn? Of course!

As an ESL teacher, I saw my students struggle with the fact that they made mistakes too while practicing English. What bothered me the most was they were letting that fear impede them from growing and getting better. I would hear multiple apologies on a daily basis, but you don’t need to be sorry because as long as you’re doing your best, then that means something. The students that got better at English didn’t give up. They continued to ask questions and practice with other students.

3 Things to Remember

I’m a bit of a perfectionist myself, as I care about details, but sometimes it’s easy to forget the big picture when you’re learning a new language.

  1. Making mistakes = You’re trying!
  2. People correcting you = You’re learning from your mistakes!
  3. Trying what you learn = You’re getting better with practice! 

With all of this, accept that you’re human, not a computer with all the answers. That’s what apps and Google translate is for, and even they make mistakes… If you didn’t grow up speaking the language, why would anyone expect you to speak it 100% fluently? I recommend practicing speaking and listening with a partner/tutor then practice with a group for awhile and then practice with strangers in different situations.

My last piece of advice: laugh it off! 

The most important thing is to keep an open-mind, never give up, and accept corrections from others. Believe me, it’s painful and challenging in the beginning. One time I used the word mantequilla (butter) for makeup instead of maquillaje. You know what I did? I laughed so hard, and so did my native Spanish speaking friend. We made a great memory together.

Every language learner I have met has some pretty funny stories to tell about the mistakes they made along the way. Eventually, the number of mistakes diminished with practice, and they became more comfortable with the language. You’re a strong person for making it your goal to learn a language and trying it out. So keep practicing. You got this!

Have you ever made language learning mistakes? Please share in the comments!

Thank you for reading!

10 Language Learning Gift Ideas

Christmas is near and almost here. We’re all scrambling to figure out what to buy our significant others, friends, family members, colleagues, etc. Here’s an idea: language learning gifts! If you know someone who loves to learn or travel, one of the best ways to support them is through the gift of communications. Language learning also benefits those who need/want to improve their memory and do something productive and meaningful to keep themselves busy in their free time.

Here are 10 ideas for language learning gifts:

1. A gift card for target language audiobooks: Audiobooks are an enjoyable way to hear the language in a storytelling format. They can also repeat the sounds and try out new phrases.

Image result for audiobooks

2. A cookbook in the target language: A fun and helpful way to get them learning vocabulary for food and the kitchen. Practicing the language in a kinesthetic way is helpful for remembering new words too. You could also encourage them to learn another language via other hobbies they have with buying songbooks, sheet music, knitting instructions, bird watching, etc.

Image result for cookbook in spanish

3. A box calendar in the target language: Now your gift receiver will have a reason to practice the target language on a daily basis with a calendar!

Image result for spanish box calendar

4. Flash cards in the target language: Why not learn new vocabulary by associating images with words? Using flash cards encourages the learner to practice for small amounts of time on a daily basis.

Image result for flashcards in spanish

5. Pay for a year subscription for a language exchange Meetup group: Encourage the gift receiver to start a language exchange group! Many students at universities and high schools would love to practice the target language in a fun setting.

Image result for meetup

6. Board game in the target language: Another fun way to bring people together to practice the target language!

Image result for monopoly in spanish

7. Favorite book series in target language: Most of us have a favorite book series, and usually you can find a translation of it. It’s more helpful if we know the context and basic story to help us learn new vocabulary.

Image result for harry potter in spanish

8. Gift card for language learning Google Play or Apple apps: Gift receivers can use the gift card to buy a language learning app, music, or books on their smartphone in the target language.

Image result for google play apple gift cards

9. An online or in-person course: Here’s a big way you can support gift receivers with their language learning goals: education! Paying for tutoring lessons is another idea.

Image result for rosetta stone

10. International movies or TV programs in the target language: Here’s a way the language learner can learn more about the culture of another country in the comfort of their homes while learning the language.

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Now you have 10 language learning gift ideas for Christmas or other celebrations! (You could also help with raising money for a travel trip for them, but that’s another story.) Keep in mind the language level of the person when buying a gift because you want to challenge them, but you don’t want to make it impossible for them. If you have any more ideas for language learning gifts, I invite you to share some in the comments.

Thanks for reading!

Using other vs. another in Spanish and English

When I first learned about how Spanish uses other vs. another, it blew my mind! It’s another one of those uncommonly known differences between English and Spanish that I would like to discuss in this blog.

other versus another

See, in English, we use other, others, and another for different reasons.

However, Spanish ONLY uses:

  • otro
  • otra
  • otros
  • otras

for BOTH another and other! Isn’t that amazing?
**Do not use un/una before otro/a/os/as!**

Examples:
– Yo quiero otra cerveza, por favor.
– Prefiero tener otros zapatos.
– Vamos a otro lugar.
– Necesitamos otras cosas. 

If you’re an ESL learner, you will need to learn the difference between other vs. another.

ANOTHER = one more, extra, additional, alternative, different
Instead of writing as “an other,” we write it as another.

We use another before singular nouns**:
– I have one drink. I would like another drink, please. (additional)
– I don’t like this store. Can we go to another one? (alternative or different)

We can also use another like a pronoun:
– First, try on this shirt, and then you can try on another.

**We do not use another with plural nouns.

OTHER = additional, extra, different types of, alternative
We use other before singular uncountable nouns and plural nouns.
– What other countries do you want to visit? (additional)
– If this isn’t enough information, you can visit other websites. (additional)
– I don’t like this flavor; do you have other flavors? (alternative)
– Some people like this furniture, but other furniture makes people happy. (different types of)

  1. We can use other before singular, countable nouns, but we have some type of determiner before it:
    – I don’t like this flavor. I prefer the other flavor.
    – There’s one other place we need to see first.
    Our other dog upstairs is much nicer than this one downstairs.

2. Also, other can be used as a pronoun:
– We have a lot of problems, and we need to solve this one more than any other.

3. Other has a plural form as a pronoun to refer to more than one person or thing:
– I have showed you some movies today. I’ll show you others tomorrow.

4. We can use “the other” as a determiner:
*As a determiner, we can use it before a singular noun to mean the second of two things/people or opposite of a set of two:
– This dog is brown. The other dog is yellow.
– My bathroom is to the right. The bedroom is on the other side of the hallway.

*We can also use “the other” before plural nouns to mean the remaining people or things in a group or set:
– My two bags are here, but where are the other bags? (the remaining bags)
– Where are the other actors in the Friends cast?

5. Lastly, we can use “the other” as a pronoun to refer back to something that has already been mentioned, especially in a sentence:
– I’ve got one hand in my pocket and the other is holding a cigarette.
– I have two books. One is a drama and the other is a tragedy.

You can find more information out there about these differences and exceptions, but I just wanted to cover the basics. Most of all, I wanted to introduce you to something that you might not have known about before.

Thanks for reading!

Language Exchange Topic Ideas

If you’re thinking of regularly attending a language exchange club or practicing one-on-one with someone, then that’s awesome! It’s a difficult first step, but it’s worth going out of your comfort zone to make mistakes, improve your language skills, and meet people. Language exchange topic ideas will help you get started and keep the ball rolling.

Perhaps you’ve already gone to a few language exchange clubs or practiced your target language with someone, but you’re not sure what else to talk about. I’m going to suggest a few language exchange topic ideas, so you can keep the conversation going.

language exchange topic ideas

Conversation starters:
– What do you like to do in your free time?
– What kinds of shows and movies do you watch?
– Do you like to read? What kinds of books?
– What kind of music do you listen to? Do you play any instruments?
– Do you have any animals? What kinds of animals do you like?
– Where have you traveled? Where do you want to travel to in the future?
– What are interests/passions? What is your profession and ideal profession?
– What was your favorite subject in school?
– Where did you grow up? Do you have a small or big family?
– Why do you want to learn [target language]?
– What do you hope to accomplish in the next 10 years?
– If you could have superpowers, what would they be?

Language learning topics:
– What languages do you know? Which ones would you like to learn?
– What do you love and hate about language learning?
– How does your native language and target language differ?
– How would you improve your language learning?
– What apps help you learn a new language?
– What are some nonverbal gestures that tourists should know about?

Food topics:
– What are your favorite foods to eat?
– Do you like to cook or bake? Why?
– What’s a type of food you would never eat?
– What’s a food you’ve always wanted to eat?

Science topics:
– Do you believe in aliens? Why or why not?
– Do you think humans will live on the moon or a different planet one day? Why or why not?
– What do you think technology will be like in the future?
– What diseases will be cured in the future?
– Do you think time traveling will exist one day? Would you go into the past or the future? What would you change? Do you have any regrets you would fix?
– What kinds of inventions would you make?
– How do you feel about the environment? Are we doing enough for it?
– Would you rather SCUBA dive in the depths of the oceans or take a rocket to space?

Political topics:
– What does your ideal government look like?
– What top issues would you focus on? Education, healthcare, employment, environment, etc.?
– What do you think of drug issues?
– How do you feel about immigration?
– How do you feel about gun issues?
– What does an ideal president look like?
– How would you change the education system?

Fun hypothetical questions:
– Would you rather have 0 kids or 100 kids?
– Would you rather eat spiders or smell feet?
– Would you rather be stuck in an elevator or on a roller coaster?
– Would you rather give up cell phones or music forever?
– Would you rather walk 10 hours straight or drive 20 hours straight?

You’re definitely going to want to start with general questions and then move into deeper topics as time goes on and as you get to know the other person. Some cultures are more open to discussing political and religious topics while others are not. You’ll need to investigate that about the country before going too deep. Discussing questions of various topics will help you learn near vocabulary and have more engaging exchanges.

I hope these language exchange topic ideas help you have a robust conversation. If you have any more you would like to share, please comment below. Happy language learning!

Thank you for reading!